French Revolution

The French Revolution that begins in 1789 and ends in 1799 is a troubled period of time in which numerous political and social changes take place in France. In this process the political structure of France will change abruptly. The monarchy will be abolished, new social relations will be established and a new political culture, attachment to the nation and republicanism will be created. The rights of man and of the citizen will become the elementary principles and the bourgeoisie will be the vanguard of the whole process.

The French Revolution began with the convocation of the Estates General in May 1789. On June 17, the Estates General created an autonomous body that they would call the National Assembly. Legitimate power is no longer in the hands of the King but in the hands of the Assembly that represents the people. From that date it can be said that we are in the time of the Revolution. In turn, the Revolution is considered to end when Napoleon Bonaparte carried out a coup in November 1799 and established the Consulate and the Empire as a political regime.

This profound change is but the first link in a wave of general change that will unfold in Europe and the United States. Highlight that it is a very troubled time, where all change is done violently. Massacres, utions, coups, plots, intrigues will be very common among revolutionaries and counterrevolutionaries, but also among the revolutionaries themselves. The ten years that this conflictive period lasts are marked by the same trend: the birth of a new political and the strengthening of the French nation.