Cascarote. A racial minority established in Laburdi in the coastal area, especially in Saint-Jean-de-Luz, Ziburu and Urruña. Their origin is unknown, being for Michel a subdivision of the Bohemians or Gypsies, a mixture of Moors and Gypsies for Gil Reicher and of Agotes with Gypsies for Veyrin. Their sedentary nature, as opposed to that of the Gypsies, does not prevent Basque kaskarots from being found in Arcachon and the surrounding area. Their way of life revolved around fishing: the men were sailors and fishermen, and the women were skilled fish sellers, who were typical of their appearance as dark-haired, agile beauties carrying their merchandise in baskets on their heads. Like other fishing villages, they were characterised by a greater liveliness in their customs and a fondness for dancing and bright and cheerful costumes. Among other things, they were credited with introducing the fandango. The Kaskarots of Ciboure began to dance the fandango," says Webster. They learned it from the Spaniards and the others learned it from them". The truth is that, according to Michel, the word kaskarots was used to designate groups of young men who, as participants in festivals, marches or escorts of honour, led the groups in an incessant dance. They wore white tro decorated with pink ribbons and copper bells in the seams, wore espadrilles, and covered their torso with a thin white shirt with pink ribbons around the cuffs and at the top of the elbow, as well as more bells. A beret, also adorned with ribbons, completed the costume. Court costumes of this type can be found in the descriptions of Louis XIV's visit to Saint-Jean-de-Luz in 1660 on the occasion of his marriage. However, at a feast cited by Goyetche in his monograph on the same village, the costume changes: scarlet bonnets adorned with blue and white ribbons, breeches of blue bocaccio cloth, stockings of fine white worsted from England. The name was also used to designate the dancing groups that accompanied the "cuestadores" at carnivals in Bajonavarros and Laburdinos. They were therefore much more integrated than the other members of racial minorities, as can be seen in the fact that, in 1727, when an ordinance of the mayor of Laburdi decreed the capture of all vagrants, the mayor of Saint-Jean-de-Luz ordered that the Kaskarots be exempted because they were all domiciled. They had their own customary laws by which they governed their relationships and contracts, including marriage, which was generally endogamous. Despite this, they had their own church in Bordegain. Today, they are indistinguishable from the rest of the inhabitants of Laburdi. Cénac Moncaut collected in his Histoire des Pyrénées (Paris, 1853-1855) a lexical series of words used by the Kaskarots of Ziburu and some songs, among which we reproduce, for its interest, the following: "Migna, migna chumé notré, Prima de mariri, Garde la midel, Vandiya triya, carracherida. Abacali sazala marroumi, Çazail, Cazail contra tu mi lazail Ou que zu cazail Malere que de caï". As can be seen, there is not the slightest trace of Basque in this sample, which bears a resemblance to other Gypsy vocabularies. A detailed study of the question of its language and origins is lacking.