Place Names

Donostia / San Sebastian. History

The Religious Associations Bill that Canalejas intended to push through stirred up the traditional and Catholic forces that called on the people of Gipuzkoa to hold a demonstration followed by a rally in the Donostia bullring on 30 December 1906. The aim was also to protest against the recently promulgated Royal Order on civil marriage. A Junta chaired by the conservative Jorge de Satrústegui was set up in San Sebastián to organise the events. At the meeting, Víctor Pradera went so far as to justify the insurrection since, in his opinion, it was the most sacred of duties in the face of unjust laws such as the one he wanted to impose. The progressive liberal reaction was not long in coming: "La Voz de Guipúzcoa" of 6 January 1907 invited the population to demonstrate and to attend different meetings on the 13th of the same month. It published a manifesto signed by representatives of all the left-wing forces: Tomás Bermingham, Guillermo Brunet, Marino Tabuyo, Leopoldo Ducloux, Raimundo Torrijos and others. The central figure of the events was Melquíades Alvarez, a politician who straddled the line republicanism and monarchism. He described San Sebastián as "the Jerusalem of Spanish liberties". In the general elections of 21 April 1907, the conservative candidate José Gaytán de Ayala won in San Sebastián, supported by all the right-wing forces. The conservatives also triumphed in Spain as a whole, with Maura in charge of forming the government.

Elecciones generales del 19-V-1901
[Ref. Boletín Oficial de Guipúzcoa del 24-V-1901. Filiaciones en La Unión Vascongada del 13-V-1901].
En blanco3

Elecciones generales del 26-IV-1903
[Ref. Boletín Oficial de Guipúzcoa del 29-IV-1903. Filiaciones en La Constancia del 26-IV-1903].

Elecciones generales del 21-IV-1907
[Ref. La Voz de Guipúzcoa del 22-IV-1907].
Gaytán de AyalaCatólico2.124

Elecciones a Diputados en Cortes del 8 de mayo de 1910
[Ref. Boletín Oficial de Guipúzcoa, mayo 1910].
Tomás Bermingham Brunet3.793
Manuel Lizasoain Minondo1.981

Elecciones a Diputados en Cortes del 8 de marzo de 1914
[Ref. Boletín Oficial de Guipúzcoa, marzo 1914].
Leonardo Moya Alzaga, Marqués de Roca Verde2.949
Pío Bizcarrondo Erquicia1.878

Elecciones generales del 9-IV-1916
[Ref. Boletín Oficial de Guipúzcoa del 12-IV-1916. Filiaciones en La Voz de Guipúzcoa del 10-IV-1916].
Distrito de la Casa Consistorial
Marqués de Roca VerdeLiberal197
Distrito del Muelle
Marqués de Roca VerdeLiberal181
En blanco 2
Distrito del Ensanche Oriental
Marqués de Roca VerdeLiberal209
Votos sueltos1
En blanco11
Distrito de la Plaza de Gipuzkoa
Marqués de Roca VerdeLiberal433
Votos sueltos5
En blanco18
Distrito del Mercado del Ensanche
Marqués de Roca VerdeLiberal448
Votos sueltos1
En blanco16
Distrito de La Concha
Marqués de Roca VerdeLiberal358
En blanco16
Distrito de Atocha
Marqués de Roca VerdeLiberal404
Votos sueltos2
En blanco39
Distrito del Antiguo
Marqués de Roca VerdeLiberal749
En blanco4
Resumen de votos en la Capital
Marqués de Roca VerdeLiberal2.979
Votos sueltos13
En blanco135

Elecciones municipales del 11-XI-1917
[Ref. La Voz de Guipúzcoa, 12, p. 1 y 4].
2 republicanos, 2 liberales, 3 nacionalistas, 2 jaimistas, 1 integrista, 1 socialista, 2 de la Junta de Amara, 2 de la Junta del Antiguo, 2 monárquicos independientes. Total 17.

Elecciones generales del 24-II-1918
[Ref. Boletín Oficial de Guipúzcoa del 27-II-1918. Filiaciones en La Voz de Guipúzcoa del 25-II-1918]. (1) Según El P.V. del 26-II-1918.
Distrito de La Casa Consistorial
Votos sueltos2
En blanco12
Distrito del Muelle
En blanco7
Distrito del Ensanche Oriental
Votos sueltos1
En blanco13
Distrito de La Plaza de Guipúzcoa
Votos sueltos5
En blanco18
Distrito del Mercado del Ensanche
En blanco25
Mercado de La Concha
Votos sueltos1
En blanco10
Distrito de Atocha
En blanco3
Distrito del Antiguo
Resumen de votos en la Capital

Elecciones del 1-VI-1919
[Ref. El P.V. del 2-VI-1919. Filiaciones en El P.V. del 26-V-1919].
Distrito de la Casa Consistorial
Distrito del Muelle
Distrito del Ensanche Oriental
Distrito de La Plaza de Guipúzcoa
Distrito del Mercado del Ensanche
Distrito de La Concha
Distrito de Atocha
Distrito del Antiguo
Resumen de votos en la Capital

Elecciones generales del 19-XII-1920
[Ref. "B. O. G." del 22-XII-1920. Filiaciones en "La Voz de Guipúzcoa" del 21-XII-1920]. (1) Según "La Voz de Guipúzcoa" del 21 XII-1920, Picavea: 83; Azqueta: 77. (2) Según "La Voz de Guipúzcoa" cit., Lizariturry: 344; Picavea: 212. (3) Según "La Voz de Guipúzcoa" cit., Picavea: 417; Sáenz: 46.
Distrito de la Casa Consistorial
En blanco7
Distrito del Muelle
En blanco8
Distrito del Ensanche Oriental
Votos suelta15
En blanco5
Distrito de la Plaza de Guipúzcoa
Votos sueltos1
En blanco13
Distrito del Mercado del Ensanche
Votos sueltos3
En blanco28
Distrito de La Concha
En blanco22
Distrito de Atocha
En blanco2
Distrito del Antiguo
En blanco4
Resultados globales en la Capital
Votos sueltos19
En blanco88

Elecciones generales del 19-XII-1920
[Ref. "La Voz de Guipúzcoa" del 21-XII-1920]. Este mismo periódico encabeza los resultados electorales con el titular: "En Guipúzcoa la lucha ha sido de dinero, no de ideales", aludiendo a la descarada compra de votos por parte de los representantes del candidato ministerial Lizariturry.
Censo ElectoralVotantesAbstenciones
17.30012.613/73 % aprox.4.687

Elecciones generales del 29-IV-1923
[Ref. "El P. V." del 1-V-1923].
Marqués de TenorioConservador2.995

The first step of Basque nationalism in San Sebastián was taken through the newspaper El Fuerista. This newspaper was the mouthpiece of fundamentalism and preceded La Constancia. Its editor, Aniceto de Rezola and Ignacio de Lardizábal, in 1897 led a split in their party and moved increasingly closer to nationalist positions until Easter Sunday 1898, when El Fuerista appeared with the nationalist slogan JEL on its masthead. However, the beginnings of nationalism in San Sebastián were slow and disheartening, as its main propagandist, Engracio de Aranzadi, Kiskitza, records in his work Ereintza. Sowing Basque nationalism. Aranzadi, a native of San Sebastian himself, like his co-religionists, had a very negative view of the city, which he described as being drowned in frivolity and vice, as well as prostituted to its visitors. In fact, in 1904, the first Basque Centre opened on the Boulevard de San Sebastián. In the same year, Rafael Picavea's newspaper El Pueblo Vasco appeared in the city. Although he was independent, he did not hide his nationalist sympathies and offered the newspaper as a vehicle of expression to the small Jelista group. In the municipal elections of 1905, the first in which they stood in San Sebastián, they obtained one councillor out of eight. Twelve years later, in the 1917 municipal elections, their progress was evident, as they won three councillors out of eleven. From 1907 until the appearance of the newspaper "Euzkadi" in 1913, the weekly Gipuzkoarra was published in San Sebastian.

The first socialist grouping in San Sebastián had been set up in 1891, but its scant activity and low number of members caused it to disappear. In 1897 Pablo Iglesias gave a propaganda rally in the city as part of a campaign that took him to various Basque towns. The most direct consequence in San Sebastián was the creation, once again, of a socialist grouping which in its early days was made up of a few typographical workers. Among the fragmentary data available is the publication of a newspaper, La Voz del Trabajo, the organ of the socialist grouping, from 1901. 1910 and 1914 there were a series of strikes in Guipúzcoa, some of which were led by non-manufacturing workers (hairdressers, waiters, painters, etc.) in the capital. The rise in prices in the years of the First World War made the social climate in the city more tense.

The first dramatic experience of class conflict in San Sebastian was the 24-hour state-wide strike called by the UGT and CNT on 18 December 1916 against the high cost of living. With the city unprotected by the forces of law and order who had gone to Toulouse, serious incidents occurred when the strikers tried to stop trams and close down commerce. Thirty people were arrested and eleven injured, according to La Voz de Guipúzcoa. The general strike called from 13 August 1917, also due to unrest over price rises, although it was followed with considerable intensity in the province, was practically unnoticed in San Sebastián. The summer was in full swing, the season was at its peak: bullfights, horse races, concerts, promenades, fireworks... On the occasion of the provincial general strike called by the Local Federation of Workers' Societies of San Sebastián from 26 May 1920 and the intervention of the Civil Guard on horseback, two people were killed. It seemed that the situation would escalate, but as soon as the Civil Governor Miralles agreed to withdraw the force, the workers' representatives ended the strike. Union membership figures were rising.

The UGT had 699 members in July 1918, 1,322 in May 1920 and 4,053 in July 1921. The votes of the socialist candidates were also growing, although at very modest levels. In the 1898 general elections, the district candidate received 30 votes; in the following year, 81. The votes in the 1907 general elections were 676, in 1919 they obtained 592 and 837 in 1923. Furthermore, in 1913 San Sebastián elected two socialist councillors and in May 1914 a delegation from the city's socialist women's group attended the Socialist Women's Assembly in Madrid. The presence in the City Council was very limited: two councillors in 1909, José Aldaco and Cástor Torres, one councillor in 1917, one in 1920 and one in 1922.

After the proclamation of the Republic in Eibar, Barcelona and Madrid, large groups of people formed a demonstration that marched through the city singing "La Marseillaise" and the "Hymn of Riego", gathering in front of the town hall, while another group formed in front of the Ondarreta prison. The Civil Governor, García Novoa, was dismissed by telephone at 9 p.m. and replaced by the president of the Audiencia. At that time the order was received for the release of the republican prisoners - mainly Pepe Bago and Manuel Andrés - who were carried out on the shoulders of the crowd and received at the Círculo de la Unión Republicana and the premises of "La Tarde". Meanwhile, the new councillors, who had waited in the town hall until 10.30 am, left the proclamation for the following day. The PNV and ANV Municipal Councils issued an official note saluting the Republic. But it was not proclaimed until Sunday the 18th. On the 15th, the Republican, Basque and socialist flags were flown in the town hall. "The three flags are linked to consolidate the republican regime that we are all willing to defend" said Sasiain, the future mayor.

The strike movements that had most repercussions in the city were that of May 1931, when the workers of the Pasajes area were detained in Ategorrieta by the Guardia Civil, who killed eight of the demonstrators, which led to a general strike, and the strike of October 1934, which was called when CEDA ministers entered the government. In San Sebastian a united leadership (PSOE, UGT, CNT, PC and SOV) operated. There were serious incidents, fighting in the streets by groups of 10 armed militants, with assaults on shops and the slaughterhouse and suspension of traffic. Military forces were brought in from Pamplona and Vitoria to control the situation. During this period, Basque nationalism was at its peak in the country, which was also reflected in San Sebastián. In the municipal elections of 12 April 1931 that brought in the new regime, the PNV won six council seats in the capital of Guipúzcoa.

Councillors on the new San Sebastian City Council

Hautagaiak Partidak Botoak
Fernando Sasiain Brau jauna Errepublikano-sozialista 2.453
Jesús Batanero Labajo Errepublikano-sozialista 2.444
Kastor Torre Romero Errepublikano-sozialista 2.440
Remigio Peña Zendoia Errepublikano-sozialista 2.428
Ceferino Martiarena Recondo Errepublikano-sozialista 2.405
Pío Chaos Macazaga Errepublikano-sozialista 2.403
Regino Noya Peromingo Errepublikano-sozialista 2.356
Luis Iglesias Ansaño Errepublikano-sozialista 2.352
Luis Gómez Arias Errepublikano-sozialista 2.319
Carlos Sotos Guridi Errepublikano-sozialista 1.-
Sergio Echeverría Zubeldia Errepublikano-sozialista 1.176
Esteban Pasamar Celimendiz Errepublikano-sozialista 1.145
Jose Azpiazu Lecue Errepublikano-sozialista 1.
Manuel Trecu Ugarte Errepublikano-sozialista 1.008
Antonio Zaldúa Zubeldia Errepublikano-sozialista 999
Guillermo Torrijos Goyarzu Errepublikano-sozialista 985
Jose Maria Paternina Alonso Errepublikano-sozialista 767
Fermín Ortega Hernández Errepublikano-sozialista 753
Miguel Parra Iturria Errepublikano-sozialista 746
Pedro Fillol Aizpunua Errepublikano-sozialista 746
Celestino de la Cruz Jareño Errepublikano-sozialista 476
Luis Anoeta Zubia Errepublikano-sozialista 468
Rufino Sanmartín Larraz Errepublikano-sozialista 456
J. A Bidaurre Sagarzazu Errepublikano-sozialista 449
Pedro Andonaegui Uribarren Errepublikano-sozialista 349
Rafael Arcelus Beguirstain Nazionalista 772
Silverio Zaldúa Mendía Nazionalista 659
Mariano Lasarte Martiarena Nazionalista 646
Jose Imaz Arrieta Nazionalista 217
Feliciano Laboa San Manuel Nazionalista 210
Jose Olaizola Gabarain Nazionalista 175%
Vicente Olasagasti Monarkiko-erregionalista 821
Pablo Ostolaza Monarkiko-erregionalista 769
Jose Luis Londaiz Monarkiko-erregionalista 765
Isidro Mendiola Querejeta Monarkiko-erregionalista 539
Jose Luis Abrisqueta Delgado Monarkiko-erregionalista 518
Fernando Zubiri Apalategi Monarkiko-erregionalista 516
Ignacio Mendizabal Lujambio Monarkiko-erregionalista 490 €
Pedro Soraluce Goñi Monarkiko-erregionalista 230

Its organ of expression was the newspaper El Día, published in San Sebastián. On 10 April 1932, the San Sebastian section of Emakume Abertzale Batza was inaugurated with more than 100 members. Among the inaugural events was a rally in the Urumea pelota court attended by some 10,000 people, with José Antonio de Aguirre, Mercedes Careaga and Elbire Zipitria taking part. By 1936 there were already 1,500 "emakumes" in San Sebastián. Only the nationalist union SOV, which at the end of the Republic was the union with the largest membership in the province, had practically no bases in San Sebastian, where in 1929 there were only 62 "solidarios". Despite these spectacular nationalist advances, they did not win the mayor's office in San Sebastián, which was held by the Republican Fernando de Sasiain from 1931 to 1934 and again in 1936 until the entry of the requetés; the city remained until then in its progressive liberal republican and somewhat anti-clerical coordinates. A character that distinguishes an entire era that began at the beginning of the 19th century and ended precisely with the Republic.

Elecciones generales del 28 de junio de 1931
[Ref. "El Pensamiento Vasco" del 30-VI-1931]
De FranciscoSocialista10.321
PicaveaCat. Independiente4.431
PildainCat. Independiente4.430
Distrito de la Casa Consistorial
De FranciscoSocialista681
GárateAcción Nacionalista664
PildainCat. Independiente214
Distrito del Muelle
De FranciscoSocialista476
UsabiagaDerecha Republicana471
GárateAcción Nacionalista461
AmilibiaUnión Republicana459
Distrito del Ensanche Oriental
UsabiagaDerecha Republicana671
De FranciscoSocialista656
GárateAcción Nacionalista653
AmiliabiaUnión Republicana647
Distrito de la Plaza de Guipúzcoa
UsabiagaDerecha Republicana611
De FranciscoSocialista592
AmilibiaUnión Republicana566
GárateAcción Nacionalista561
Distrito de Atocha
UsabiagaDerecha Republicana3.666
De FranciscoSocialista3.643
AmilibiaUnión Republicana3.558
GárateAcción Nacionalista3.552
Distrito de La Concha
UsabiagaDerecha Republicana1.790
De FranciscoSocialista1.764
AmilibiaUnión Republicana1.699
Distrito del Antiguo
UsabiagaDerecha Republicana1.232
De FranciscoSocialista1.207
GárateAcción Nacionalista1.188
AmilibiaUnión Republicana1.126
Distrito del Mercado del Ensanche
UsabiagaDerecha Republicana1.320
De FranciscoSocialista1.302
GárateAcción Nacionalista1.226
AmilibiaUnión Republicana1.201

In the spring of 1931, a few days after the establishment of the Republic, San Sebastián did not adhere to the Statute. In the plebiscite of 5 November 1933 to endorse the Basque Statute, the following result was obtained in this town:

. [Erref.: La Voz de Guipuzcoa, 1933ko azaroa].
Hautesle kopurua Mesedez Kontra Hutsik
46,298 43,709 878 162

Elections to the Spanish Parliament on 19 November 1933
[Ref. La Voz de Guipúzcoa, noviembre 1933].
Candidatos Votos
Leizaola 11.236
De Francisco 8.580
Maeztu 8.358
Echevarría 8.111
Irazusta 8.048
Monzón 8.029
Irujo 7.972
Alvarez 7.793
Angulo 7.405
Usabiaga 7.334
Bizcarrondo 7.202
Urraca 6.533
Picavea 6.160
Paguaga 5.728
De la Torre 5.650
Gomendio 5.212
Imaz 1.287
Astigarribai 1.272
Larrañaga 1.260
Urondo 1.253
Zapirain 1.234

Elecciones a Diputados en Cortes del 16 de febrero de 1936
[Ref. El Pueblo Vasco, febrero 1936].
Candidatos Votos
Amilibia 17.092
Lojendio 11.929
Múgica 11.705
Oreja 11.695
Paguaga 11.677
Irujo 8.278
Irazusta 6.464
Monzón 6.447
Lasarte 6.429
Picavea 6.034
Apraiz -
Ansó -
Larrañaga -

Elecciones a Diputados en Cortes del 1 de marzo de 1936
[Ref. El Pueblo Vasco, marzo 1936].
Candidatos Votos
Ansó 17.756
Amilibia 16.953
Larrañaga 16.549
Apraiz 16.438
Picavea 11.386
Irazusta 11.330
Irujo 11.321
Lasarte 11.185

The first news of the military uprising in Morocco reached the city on the evening of 17 July 1936. On the 18th, minor street disturbances were recorded, which intensified on the 19th with assaults on housewives coming to the market and shops. San Sebastián was a summer resort, as were Hondarribia and Zarautz. The military governor of the square, Colonel León Carrasco Amilibia, a royalist, was undecided, not knowing what was happening; finally, remaining in the barracks at Loiola, he opted for insurrection. On the 18th, the right-wing "El Diario Vasco" announced in bold letters "Tomorrow the weather will be fine", which was interpreted as a slogan for rebellion. The newspaper was closed and its workshops were used to publish "Frente Popular". News arrived that the situation was under control in Bilbao but not in Vitoria, where the streets were being fought in the streets. In San Sebastian it was decided to form a column of volunteers to go there. 500 and 600 socialist, anarchist and communist militiamen left, leaving the city practically unguarded. The military from Loyola then left the barracks to take San Sebastián. Members of the CNT defended the entrance through Amara in Larramendi and Urbieta streets.

The rebels made forts in some buildings such as the Hotel María Cristina, La Equitativa, the Military Government and the Gran Casino. When the situation became desperate, reinforcements arrived from Eibar and the prisoners surrendered, the last ones from the Hotel María Cristina, who were taken prisoners to the Diputación. The militiamen then headed for the barracks in Loiola, besieging them. Some of the troops were in favour of the besiegers and made it known to their superiors that they were not prepared to open cannon fire on San Sebastián. Some of them fled when they went out to fetch water. Without water, without food, without medicine, with dead and wounded from the bombs dropped on the barracks by an aeroplane on the 25th, the situation became untenable and on 27 July they surrendered.

Under the presidency of Miguel de Amilibia, PSOE deputy for Guipúzcoa, the Junta de Defensa was organised in the Diputación; Telesforo de Monzón for the PNV Larrañaga of the PC Inestal of the CNT Aguado of the IR, Torrijos and Echevarría of the PSOE and Imaz of the ANV made it up. Monzón soon resigned when the CNT shot 12 prisoners on the Paseo Nuevo. The capture of San Sebastián became a priority objective for the commanders of the Falangist and Requetés troops who entered Guipúzcoa from various points, coming from Navarre. The city was shelled from the sea by the battleships "Cervera" and "España". The militiamen stormed the Ondarreta prison and after seizing Colonel Carrasco, who was imprisoned in the Di putación, a small group of communists or cenetistas shot him. The rest of the soldiers imprisoned with Carrasco were transferred to Ondarreta prison where they were also shot after being tried.

After the fall of Irún, the San Sebastián Defence Board met to plan and organise the evacuation of the city. It was 6 September. The anarchists were in favour of resisting but the other forces considered the defence impossible. The evacuation order was given on the night of the 12th to the 13th. There were fears that the CNT would burn down buildings. But it was an orderly evacuation, with minimal disturbances, quickly controlled and suppressed. At half past nine in the morning of the 13th the red berets appeared on the Capuchinos hill, Rentería and Pasajes. At 12 noon the ikurriña was lowered from the balcony of the Provincial Council. The last gudaris from the San Bartolomé barracks went to the port to embark, while the 40 bayonets of those from Artajona crossed the Santa Catalina bridge. The requetés were under the command of Captain Ureta, as Beorlegui had been wounded. Many Donostiarras had marched in the direction of Bilbao; those who did not were either on the right-wing side or were victims of repression. It is estimated that around 1,600 men and women were imprisoned. They were also humiliated by having their hair cut and drinking castor oil. The use of the Basque language was banned with a fine of 100 pesetas and all Basque books found in homes and bookshops were burnt. The streets of the city saw parades of Falangists, requetés, margaritas, flechas and pelayos who went to mass in uniform and in formation on Sundays.

Both the disappearance of gambling, one of the main attractions and businesses of the summer holidays in San Sebastian, and the Civil War and the Second World War, with the consequent closure of the borders, brought the city's summer life to a standstill. However, it did not disappear; after the lethargy of those crucial years, it was reborn on new foundations. The golden age was definitively over, but until the 1960s, and thanks to the victorious Head of State's decision to maintain the tradition, San Sebastian continued to be the official summer resort. The San Sebastián people who were addicted to the new regime made an effort to bring the people of San Sebastián out onto the streets to welcome the Head of State on the day of his arrival; in "peaceful rotation" the municipal and provincial corporations organised an official dinner in his honour every year. Following tradition, Franco attended the Salve a Santa María on the eve of the Virgin of August. Non-addicted San Sebastián also prepared for Franco's arrival.

Nationalist elements presented themselves at the police station before being detained annually for the duration of the illustrious holidaymaker's stay in the city; others had only to leave. With these and other very strong security measures, the summers passed peacefully. The event that shook the rhythm of these passive summers was Joseba Elósegui's performance at the Anoeta fronton court on 18 September 1970. Franco was attending the final of the International Pelota Championship when Elósegui, a former gudari and PNV militant, threw himself into the court in flames. This gesture earned him a long prison sentence after he was on the verge of death. The city continued to grow. The population increased by 25,547 in the 1930s-40s, bringing it very close to 100,000.

The housing problem was becoming more acute and it was necessary to build. In the 40s and 50s, the Antiguo neighbourhood was urbanised and extended, building continued in Gros and Egia and Atocha also developed and became working class neighbourhoods. But the most important extension of these years was the Amara Extension, a work that first required the draining of the marshes. It was objectively the only flat space available to San Sebastián to allow it to grow in size. It gave rise to intense speculation, with the part Plaza del Centenario and Plaza de Pío XII being occupied until the 1950s, and then building was undertaken up to the Anoeta stadium. The years of industrial development attracted many immigrants to the region of San Sebastian and to the Basque Country in general, for whom new neighbourhoods were built on the outskirts of the city. Speculation fever and the lack of planning and enforcement of laws gave rise to entire unlit and undeveloped neighbourhoods where the new arrivals were piling up: Santa Bárbara, Roteta and La Paz were good examples of this. Industrial dumping kills the rivers of Gipuzkoa: the Urumea pollutes San Sebastian.

Elecciones del 15-VI-1977
Tras haberse expresado en el Referéndum de 1976 con 46.685 sí, 1.770 no, 2.466 votos en blanco y un 49,23 % de votantes, en 1977 define así sus opciones.
PSOE 23.340 (27,2 %) PCE 2.780 (3,2 %)
PNV 21.185 (24,7 %) PSP 2.031 (2,3 %)
EE 10.265 (11,9 %) ANV 689 (0,8 %)
GU 10.265 (11,6 %) FUT 477 (0,5 %)
DCV 5.405 (6,3 %) AETG 430 (0,5 %)
DIV 4.942 (5,7 %) FDI 268 (0,3 %)
ESB 3.726 (4,3 %) Nulos y abst.: 37.592 (28,6 %)

Referéndum constitucional del 6 de diciembre de 1978 131.805 electores
Votos 57.757  
Abstención 74.035 (56,17 %)
37.498 (28,45 %)
No 16.545 (12,55 %)
Blanco 2.998  
Abstención y No   68,72 %

Elecciones generales del 1-III-1979 Censo electoral: 133.467
Ref. Ibermática. Norte S. A.
PNV 19.764 (23,70 %) EMK 1.120 (1,34 %)
UCD 16.618 (19,93 %) EKA 747 (0,89 %)
PSOE 14.037 (16,83 %) ORT 526 (0,63 %)
HB 13.257 (15,90 %) LKI 171 (0,20 %)
EE 12.213 (14,65 %) IR 138 (0,16 %)
PCE 1.900 (2,27 %) FE(A) 54 (0,06 %)
UFV 1.570 (1,88 %) ULE 8 (0,00 %)
UN 1.242 (1,48 %) Abstenciones: 48.423 (36,28 %)

Elecciones municipales del 3 de abril de 1979

Para cubrir las 27 concejalías de este ayuntamiento se presentaron doce candidaturas: PTE ORT LKI, PNV, EKA, HB, EMK-OIC, PCE, PSOE, EE, UFV y Coordinadora Independiente, agrupando esta última a la UCD y la DCV. Los votos y concejales elegidos, sobre un censo electoral de 122.493, fueron: PNV con 22.804 votos: Jesús M. Alkain Marticorena, Ramón Labayen Sansinenea, Markel Izaguirre Lizaso, M.ª Pilar Larreina Lasa, Jesús Miguel Garmendia, M.ª Carmen Pérez Martínez de Morentín, José M. Aristegui Isasa, José Luis Iturburu e Iñaki Rezola San Sebastián; HB con 16.114 votos: Félix Soto, Jesús María Irazusta, Yon Alkorta, Santiago González, Juan José Mantxola y Tomás Alba; c. i. con 12.572: Carlos Zubeldia Fernández, Juan I. Irazusta Rezola, Federico Maestre Alcader, Ana Zulueta Casarrota y José P. López Sola; PSOE con 12.222: Ramón Jáuregui Atondo, Carlos García Cañibano, José Ramón Agote y Fernando Múgica Herzog (dimitido y sustituido por Ana Narzabal); es con 9.010: Pedro Ruiz Balerdi, Chema García Amiano e Iciar Mitxelena. Alcalde: Jesús M. Alkain Marticorena del PNV. proclamado por ser el cabeza de lista mayoritaria, ya que en la votación obtuvo sólo los 9 votos de su grupo frente a los 9 de HB (6 propios y 3 de EE), 4 del PSOE y 5 de la c. i.

Referéndum estatutario del 25-X-1979 censo electoral: 133.989
Ref. El Diario Vasco, 27-X-1979.
Votos 77.088 (57,53 %)
Abstención 56.901 (42,47 %)
69.898 (90,67%)
s/c   (52.16%)
No 4.177 (5,41 %)
Blanco 2.231 (2,89 %)
Nulo 782 (1,01 %)

Primeras elecciones para el Parlamento Vasco: 9-III-1980 Censo electoral: 136.089
Ref. El Diario Vasco, 11-III-1980.
PNV 25.270 (33,63 %) PCE 1.437 (1,91 %)
HB 11.522 (15,33 %) EMK 896 (1,19 %)
EE 11.366 (15,12 %) ESEI 843 (1,12 %)
PSE 10.177 (13,54 %) LKI 220 (0,29 %)
UCD 8.486 (11,29 %) PTE 209 (0,27 %)
AP 3.728 (4,96 %) EKA 172 (0,22 %)
UC 64 (0,08 %) Abst: 60.957 (44,79 %)

Elecciones Generales del 28 de octubre de 1982
128.551 electores, 121.551 válidos, 1.617 nulos, 418 blancos
PNV 28.968 PST 211
PSOE 23.974 FN 163
HB 16.324 PCEml 69
AP/UCD 12.523 LC 45
EE 10.307 UCE 43
CDS 1.899 CUC 42
PCE 751    

Elecciones municipales del 8 de mayo de 1983

Concejales: PNV: Ramón Labayen, Markel Izaguirre, M.ª Pilar Larraina, Martín Elizaso, José Enrique Arana, Javier Zuriarrain, M.ª Carmen Pérez, José Martín Larrañaga, Ana Mondragón y Esteban Goicoechea: PSOE Carlos García Cañibano, Odón Elorza, Angel Farinos, Manuel Huertas, Ricardo Enrique Navajas, Francisco Ramón Beloqui y Fernando Abad. HB Félix Soto, Jesús M.° Congil, Santiago González, Joseba Imanol Ibarburu y Andoni Arca. AP: Gregorio Ordóñez, M.ª José Usandizaga e Inmaculada Morón. EE: Pedro Ruiz Balerdi y Eduardo Cuesta. Resultó elegido alcalde el primero.

Elecciones al Parlamento de Vitoria del 26-II-1984
PNV 33.037 EE 8.820
PSOE 19.626 Auzolan 1.221
HB 14.854 PC 446
CP 10.086    

Elecciones generales del 22 de junio de 1986
PNV 21.212 HB 17.488
PSOE 19.552 CP 11.700
EE 11.101 UC 515
CDS 3.946 IU 485

Elecciones municipales del 10 de junio de 1987

Resultaron elegidos los siguientes concejales: Ea.: Xabier Albistur Marín, Xabier Agirre Elorza, Andoni Areizaga Alkain, Enrique Arana Arregi, Iñaki Barriola Etxeberria, Joaquín Villa Martínez, Imanol Illarramendi Erviti. as: Félix Soto Azkarate, Joseba Ibarburu Uranga, Joseba Albarez Forkada, Begoña Garmendia Vázquez, Iñaki Mendizabal Egia, José María Pérez Bustero. PSOE: Odón Elorza González, Francisco Beloqui San Sebastián, Angel Farinos Saiz, Luis Felipe Hernández Rodríguez, Susana Corcuera Leunda. EE: Javier Olaberri Zazpe, Iñaki Gurrutxaga Armendariz, Rosa Bello Soto, Jon Lasa Laboa. AP: Gregorio Ordóñez Fenollar, Carmen Busca Ostolaza, Eugenio David Damboriena y Osa. PNV: Ramón Labayen Sansinenea, Antonio Marquet Artola.

Elecciones generales del 29 de octubre de 1989
PSOE 1.739 EE 11.250
HB 15.924 CDS 2.117
EA 15.581 IU 1.821
PNV 11.747 Otros 1.762
PP 11.294    

Elecciones al Parlamento de Vitoria del 28-X-1990
HB 15.747 EE 8.521
PSOE 15.113 CDS 281
EA 15.102 UA 17
PNV 14.064 Otros 2.315
PP 11.160    

Elecciones municipales del 26 de mayo de 1991

Resultaron elegidos los siguientes concejales: EA Javier Albistur, Andoni Areizaga, José Enrique Arana, Ignacio M. Barriola, Joaquín Villa y José Manuel Illarramendi. HB José Agustín Arrieta, Begoña Garmendia, José Federico Alvarez, José Luis Giménez e Iñaki Valle. PSE Odón Elorza, Francisco Beloqui, Luis Felipe Hernández, Susana Corcuera y Alberto Rodríguez. EE: Francisco Javier Olaberri e Iñaki Gurrutxaga. PNV Antonio Market, Martín Elizasu, María Carmen Garmendi y Román Zulaica. PP: Gregorio Ordóñez, Elena Azpiroz, Eugenio Damboriena, Roberto Fernández y Mari Carmen Nagel. Fue elegido alcalde Odón Elorza.

Elecciones generales del 6 de junio de 1993
PSE/EE 21.680 PNV 13.126
PP 19.013 CDS 649
EA 17.204 otros 11.269
HB 14.753    

Elecciones al Parlamento de Vitoria del 23-X-1994
PP 17.407 PSE/EE 13.966
PNV 14.668 IU 6.662
HB 14.657 UA 238
EA 14.038 CNPS 88

Elecciones municipales del 28 de mayo de 1995

Resultaron elegidos los siguientes concejales: PP: Jaime María Mayor, María José Usandizaga, Elena Azpíroz, María San Gil, Andrés Manuel Bernabé, María del Carmen de Nagel y Enrique José Villar. PSE Odón Elorza, Ramón Etxezarreta, Susana Corcuera, Francisco Beloqui, Luis Felipe Hernández, Alberto Rodríguez y María Arritokieta Marañón. EA. Enrique Erentxun, Enrique Arana, Iñaki Barriola, Beatriz Otaegui y Josu Ruiz. as: Joseba Jakobe Permach, José Federico Alvarez, María Eugenia Muñagorri y José Antonio Urquiola. PNV: Antton Market, Koro Garmendia y Martín Elizasu. IU: Antton Karrera. Fue elegido alcalde Odón Elorza González.

Elecciones generales del 3 de marzo de 1996
PP 24.498 HB 13.870
PSE/EE 23.282 IU/EB 8.541
PNV 15.896 Otros 879
EA 15.179